As for the cutting...
I first cut the clown shoe in half, across the middle(asymmetrically), and then in half again(symmetrically).
The following is a very bad paint image illustrating the above.
The orange cloth is the pattern for the back of his shoe, which is why it is called the back-pattern. It was the shape I ended up using when I glued the velvet to the foamie.
The converse was kept inside of the shoe, and all of the parts attached onto the outside of it. ^.^